I have a few philosophy questions?
1. Which one of the following is a problem with the utilitarian thesis that only consequences matter in evaluating actions that was explicity discussed by Rachels?
a) in some cases, it would be permissible to steal
b) in some cases, it would be permissible to break one's promises
c) in some cases, it would be permissible to lie to others
d) in some cases, it would be permissible to kill
2. According to the rule utilitarian, an act is morally right provided that:
a) the action maximizes social utility
b) the rule that governs the action can be willed to be a universal moral law
c) the rule that governs the action maximizes social utility
d) both the action and the rule that governs it maximize social utility
- j153eLv 71 month ago
1. Not permissible to break promises (b), because you are supposed to be morally consistent. (E.g., if you promise to do your own homework, that is one promise you should keep. Possibly your class enrollment expects that promise. If you promise to do your homework except if and when you are confused, then that is a promise with different moral qualifications, likewise to be honored, according to Rachels.)