Examples of women companions of the Prophet Muhammad fighting in the jihad are available from both classical and on temporary accounts. For example, the moralist figure ‘Abd al-Ghani b. ‘Abd al-Wahid al-Maqdisi (d. 1203) in his small treatise
Manaqib al-sahabiyyat (The Merits of the Women Companions [of the Prophet...
Best answer: Examples of women companions of the Prophet Muhammad fighting in the jihad are available from both classical and on temporary accounts. For example, the moralist figure ‘Abd al-Ghani b. ‘Abd al-Wahid al-Maqdisi (d. 1203) in his small treatise
Manaqib al-sahabiyyat (The Merits of the Women Companions [of the Prophet Muhammad]) describes two women from the time of the Prophet Muhammad who fought in his wars.One of them, Nusayba daughter of Ka‘b (also known as Um ‘Umara), is said to have gone out to help the wounded during the Battle of Uhud (626), which was the Prophet’s major defeat, but then took up a sword and received 12 wounds. She is quoted saying that there were four women with her—she took up a sword, whereas another, who was pregnant at the time, had a knife, and they fought alongside the men.
Another of the women cited by al-Maqdisi was Safiya, the aunt of the Prophet Muhammad, who during the Battle of the Khandaq (627) took refuge in one of the strongholds of Medina together with other Muslim women and children.
Clearly women did take part in the fighting. Modern Muslim feminists have managed to gather more names of women who fought during the time of the Prophet. ‘Aliyya Mustafa Mubarak in her collection Sahabiyyat mujahidat has assembled a list of 67
women who, according to her, fought in the wars of the Prophet Muhammad or immediately afterward in the great Islamic conquests.
However, when the list is examined it becomes apparent that many of the women participated in battles in a supporting role,
usually by accompanying the fighters, encouraging the men, or by providing medical care and assistance after the fact.
Comparatively few of the women she cites actually went out on the battlefield.
it is known that different women did participate in the great conquests. Again, the information concerning the nature of
their participation is limited. Umm Haram does not appear to have done anything more substantial than sail on a boat; whether she actually participated in any campaigns is doubtful. From later times (approximately ninth through eleventh centuries) we know of a category of women known as the mutarajjulat, women who act or dress like men.
These women were cursed by the Prophet Muhammad, who grouped them together with men who acted or dressed like women (probably effeminates or passive homosexuals).
However, the grouping of these two categories together does not necessarily mean that the mutarajjulat were lesbians (because condemnations of lesbians used a different word), but more probably that these were women who participated in the world of men and dressed like men. Although there are few historical anecdotes about such women, there are a number of accounts in literary folk tales that indicate they fought in battles.
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